There are car crash testing agencies that set the standards for evaluating the crashworthiness or rating car safety of new vehicle models that will be out in the market.
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) is an organization established by auto insurers in 1959 which aims to reduce the number of vehicle accidents in the US as well as rate of injuries by performing vehicle safety research and providing safety ratings for popular passenger vehicles.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in the United States is a US government agency which performs different vehicle safety functions such as writing and enforcing federal motor vehicle safety standards as well as restrictions for vehicle fuel economy and theft resistance. The agency also provides restrictions to greenhouse gas emissions while licensing vehicle manufacturers and importers to name a few.
New Car Assessment Program (NCAP)
NCAP or the New Car Assessment Program is a car crash testing agency or a government car safety program created in 1979 to evaluate new automobile designs and performance against vehicle safety threats.
Australasian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP)
One car crash testing agency that you may know is the Australasian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP). It is a government automobile organization operated by motoring organizations of Australia and New Zealand. ANCAP provides consumers pertinent results on the protection given to vehicles against front and side impact collisions. The ANCAP testing methods are established based on the regulations accepted by Euro NCAP or the European New Car Assessment Programme.
Auto Review Car Assessment Program (ARCAP)
The Auto Review Car Assessment Program (ARCAP) is the first independent rating passive safety for cars in Russia and is considered a car crash testing agency that publishes its studies in the newspaper Autoreview. Autoreview even conduct its own expedition as well as tests for child seats, fuel, tires and outer automotive components.
China New Car Assessment Program (C-NCAP)
China New Car Assessment Program (C-NCAP) was started in 2006 to provide testing of China made automobiles including regulatory tests but with more restrictions.
Japan New Car Assessment Program (JNCAP)
Japan New Car Assessment Program (JNCAP) has been evaluating safety of Japan made vehicles since 1995 to encourage use of safer automobiles by providing safety information to vehicle buyers.
Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil-Club (ADAC)
A respected automobile club in Germany is the Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil-Club (ADAC). ADAC is the largest automobile club in Europe and the largest motorcycle association in the world. ADAC operates a vast fleet of mobile mechanics in yellow cars ready to help motorists in times of trouble.
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS)
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or FMVSS are federal vehicle regulations used in the United States and which specify construction, performance design and rigidity requirements for automobiles as well as regulated safety related components.